Operation Cyclone was the code name for the United States (CIA) program to arm and finance the Afghan mujahideen prior to and during the Soviet war in Afghanistan, from 1979 to 1989. Operation Cyclone was one of the longest and most expensive covert CIA operations ever undertaken to finance the mujahideen goal of the program was to “induce a Soviet military intervention
From last few months, many terror attacks have been reported world wide the Nice terror attack and the dramatic events in Turkey, the bombing at the Prophet’s Mosque in the city of Medina, following blasts in the cities of Jeddah and Qatif the question arises is why every time an attacker is a Muslim why it is always associated with ISLAM JEHAD AND FUNDAMENTALISIM? There are many questions lingering on in mind, if we look upon the historical perspective then it would be clear that terrorist are not born they are made, and that to out of some particular interest, worlds largest economy and most powerful country itself made such groups for its own benefit but then they dumped them and left behind when left un-purpose full for them. Such groups then and there activities now are highlighted as terrorist and terrorism and Islamic fundamentalist groups?
Operation Cyclone: – Making of Taliban
Historically the formation of Taliban now (a terrorist group) was the then formed by U.S.A around 1930 under the Operation Cyclone was the code name for the United States (CIA) program to arm and finance the Afghan mujahideen prior to and during the Soviet war in Afghanistan, from 1979 to 1989. Operation Cyclone was one of the longest and most expensive covert CIA operations ever undertaken to finance the mujahideen goal of the program was to “induce a Soviet military intervention thus U.S. offered two packages of economic assistance and military sales to support Pakistan’s role in the war against the Soviet troops in Afghanistan. The first six-year assistance package (1981–87) amounted to US$3.2 billion, equally divided between economic assistance and military sales. The U.S. also sold 40 F-16 aircraft to Pakistan during 1983–87 at a cost of $1.2 billion outside the assistance package. The second six-year assistance package (1987–93) amounted to $4.2 billion. More than $20 billion in U.S. funds were funneled into the country to train and arm the Afghan resistance groups.
On 3 July 1979, Carter announced, “The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan is the greatest threat to peace since the Second World War”.With U.S. and other funding, the ISI armed and trained over 100,000 insurgents On 20 July 1987, the Soviet troops withdrawn from the country was announced pursuant to the negotiations that led to the Geneva Accords of 1988,
The program funding was increased Under the Reagan administration, U.S. support for the Afghan mujahideen evolved into a centerpiece of U.S. foreign policy, called the Reagan Doctrine, in which the U.S. provided military and other support to anti-communist resistance movements in Afghanistan, Angola, Nicaragua, and elsewhere. The mujahideen benefited from expanded foreign military support from the United States, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan and other Muslim nations. Saudi Arabia in particular agreed to match dollar for dollar the money the CIA was sending to the Mujahideen.
The U.S. shifted its interest from Afghanistan after the withdrawal of Soviet troops. American funding of Afghan resistance leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar and his Hezbi Islami party was cut off immediately.
In October 1990, As the Bush regime came in power it refused to certify that Pakistan did not possess a nuclear explosive device, triggering the imposition of sanctions against Pakistan in the Foreign Assistance Act. This disrupted the second assistance package offered in 1987 and discontinued economic assistance and military sales to Pakistan with the exception of the economic assistance already on its way to Pakistan. Military sales and training programs were abandoned as well and some of the Pakistani military officers under training in the U.S. were asked to return home.
An over-view of the U.S Operation Cyclone and its subsequent aftermath
Although there are no substantial proofs but still wars underwent Islamic war groups were oriented and formed. From where they got the latest weapons to fight a country like Russia to which even U.S was not able to counter ‘point to ponder’.While there is no evidence that the CIA had direct contact with Osama Bin Laden and US funding was directed to Afghan Mujahedin groups, critics of U.S. foreign policy consider Operation Cyclone to be substantially responsible for setting in motion the events that led to the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, a view Brzezinski has dismissed. William Hartung argues that the early foundations of al-Qaeda were built in part on relationships and weaponry that came from the billions of dollars in U.S. support for the Afghan mujahadin during the war to expel Soviet forces from that country. According to Christopher Andrew and Vasily Mitrokhin, there is “no support” in any “reliable source” for “the claim that the CIA funded bin Laden or any of the other Arab volunteers who came to support the mujahideen.” Peter Bergen writes that “the real problem is not that the CIA helped bin Laden during the 1980s, but that the Agency simply had no idea of his possible significance until the bin Laden unit was set up within the CIA in January 1996.” The United States provided financial aid and weapons to the mujahideen through Pakistan’s (ISI).
Reagan labeled the Soviet Union an “evil empire” and predicted that Communism would be left on the “ash heap of history’’
The valley which experiences severe State crack down from time to time the residences are living under curfew time to time leave the crackdown of total economy loss peace and security people die in shooting by security forces, again this indicates the struggle to free the land and to suppress the strugglers.
In Early 1948, India sought a resolution of the Kashmir Conflict at the United Nations. Following the set-up of the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan(UNCIP), the UN Security Council passed Resolution 47 on 21 April 1948. The UN mission insisted that the opinion of Kashmiris must be ascertained. The then Indian Prime Minister is reported to have himself urged U.N. to poll Kashmir and on the basis of results Kashmir’s accession will be decided However, India insisted that no referendum could occur until all of the state had been cleared of irregulars.
Thus whether it is Kashmir Iraq Kuwait Philistine and Arab Nations the fight is on for freedom but largely the name to this freedom struggle is named as Terrorism.
Western war:- ‘The Collateral damage’’
Invasions for oil in 1991 and 1953 Coup of Iran’s democracy the killing of 4 million or more Muslims killed in Western wars on the Middle East where at lest half killed were children. The U.S. Military coins it, “Collateral damage,” as if some inanimate object or thing was broken. Take for instance the Drone pilots dropping bombs or missiles at a compound or large shopping area, or perhaps aiming at one house but 4 other surrounding houses and occupants are killed.
A Middle Eastern genocide and an endless cycle of Destabilization.
A key phrase in the convention on genocide is “acts committed with intent to destroy.” While the facts back up a massive death toll in Arab and Muslim lives, it might be more difficult to argue that the actions were carried out with the deliberate intent to destroy “a national, ethnic, racial or religious group.”
In the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks, President George W. Bush employed a curious and controversial choice of words ‘The Wall Street Journal staff writers Peter Waldman and Hugh Pope noted “President Bush vowed … to ‘rid the world of evil-doers,’ then cautioned: ‘This crusade, this war on terrorism, is going to take a while.’Crusade? In strict usage, the word describes the Christian military expeditions a millennium ago to capture the Holy Land from Muslims.
In the wars that followed in Iraq and Afghanistan, the U.S. not only killed millions, but systematically destroyed the infrastructure necessary for healthy, prosperous life in those countries, then used rebuilding efforts as opportunities for profit, rather than to benefit the occupied populations. To further add to the genocidal pattern of behavior, there is ample evidence of torture and persistent rumors of sexual assault from the aftermath of Iraq’s fall. It appears likely the U.S. has contributed to further destabilization and death in the region by supporting the rise of the self-declared Islamic State of Iraq and Syria by arming rebel groups on all sides of the conflict. After 9/11, the U.S. declared a global “War on Terror,” ensuring an endless cycle of destabilization and wars in the Middle East in the process. The vast majority of the victims of these wars, and of ISIS, are Muslims. And, as extremist terrorists created by the unrest increase tensions with their attacks on the West, some Americans are embracing Bush’s controversial language of religious warfare, calling for Muslims to be placed in camps or even openly calling for genocide.